COURT OF BAHADUR SHAH JAFFARHindi
In this painting the artist is showing a scene of last Indian Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Jaffar’s court. In this painting we can see 4 characters.The first one who is sitting on the throne is India’s last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zaffar and to his right the one who is standing is his elder son Mirza Khan and the one standing on his left is his younger son Koyash and the man standing near Koyash is Bahadur Shah’s court servant who is holding the handfan. Bahadur Shah Jaffar was the last Mughal emperor of India. He reigned from 1837 to 1857. When he ascended the throne in 1837 he was nearly sixty two years old. Bahadur Shah Jaffar was the second son Akbar Shah 2 and Lal bai. His regin of twenty years coincided with the most creative period of Urdu literature specially urdu poetry during nineteenth century.Bahadur Shah Jaffar himself was an active participant in the creative endeavor. This was the period which produced three towering figures of Urdu poetry: Galib, Momin and Zauq. Bahadur Shah was a poet of some distinction. When Bahadur Shah came to the throne at that time East India Company was in power and they made their own rules which were beneficials for their company.When East India Company decided to Bring Bahadur Shah down from the throne then great disappointment was seen among the people. East India company refused Mirza Khan (elder son of Bahadur Shah) to rule and made Koyash(younger son of Bahadur Shah) to sit on the throne. East India company laid some shameless conditions which Koyash accepted. Those conditions were (1) He will be called prince not the king. (2) He have to leave Delhi’s Red Fort. (3) Instead of 1 Lakh he will get a pay of 15 thousand only per month. Bahadur Shah was also ordered to leave Red Fort. This made Bahadur Shah against East India company. Bahadur Shah then made his own army of rebel sipahis against East India company. Bahadur Shah gave them firefull motivational speech from which we can say that he wanted to bring Hindu and Muslim people togather. After certain period of time Bahadur Shah was imprisoned for making rebellion army against East India company. Both of his sons were also imprisoned. His sons were murderd in jail.Bahadur Shah was sent to Rangoon where he died on 7th November 1862. Artist’s motive behind this painting is to show that the last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Jaffar wanted Hindu Muslims to come togather be one. Bahadur Shah’s court seems to be antique and their way of dressing togather reflects their Royality at that time.